The Lifecycle Financial Planning Approach

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The lifecycle financial planning approach places all your financial activity into distinct time periods, or stages, with retirement acting as the final phase in the financial lifecycle.

This approach is powerful as it provides you a clear framework for evaluating different decisions. Here are the 5 standard financial life stages encompassed in the lifecycle approach. Keep in mind the stated age ranges are merely guideposts, some of you will pass through stages more quickly or more slowly depending on your circumstances.

1. Early Career
Ranging in age from 25 to 35 years old, early career phase adults are starting to build a foundation for a strong financial future. You may be planning to start a family, if you have not done so already. If you do not yet own a home, you might be saving for one. At this stage, keeping income in step with expenses is a struggle, but it’s important to lay the groundwork for retirement saving now.

2. Career Development
From ages 35 to 50, earnings rise, but so do financial demands. Keeping expenses in line with income is a challenge in this stage. Many families are concerned with covering college costs and paying for ongoing expenses while also increasing the pace of saving for retirement.

3. Peak Accumulation
In this stage, from the early 50s into the early 60s, you typically reach your maximum income level. It may be a time of relative freedom as your children have graduated from college. Without college tuition and with lower expenses, you can accelerate savings rates to position yourself for a more secure retirement.

4. Pre-Retirement
About 3 to 6 years before winding down professionally, you should start restructuring assets to reduce risk and increase income. By this point, mortgages are usually paid and children are independent. This is the time to evaluate retirement income options and the tax consequences of investments.

5. Retirement
The final financial lifecycle phase occurs for people in their mid-60s and beyond. Once you stop working, your focus shifts from wealth accumulation to income preservation. In this stage, the goal is to preserve your purchasing power and enjoy your desired lifestyle. Estate planning and legacy considerations also gain importance as you age.

As we transition through each life stage, we should adjust our focus each step of the way to ensure our financial plan remains appropriate for our risk tolerance, age and goals.

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4 Life Insurance Myths Debunked

Life-Insurance

Do you have a contingency plan that can protect your family just in case something bad happens to you? Assuming you are the main income earner in your family, it will be difficult for your loved ones to pay for school, food and other amenities in the event you pass away. Let’s be honest, it’s a rather scary thought. If you don’t have life insurance ready, you could be leaving your family in serious financial distress. Having life insurance can help support your loved ones.

However, if you’re not familiar with life insurance policies, it can be difficult to distinguish what is true about life insurance and what is a myth. To help clear up confusion, here are some common myths about life insurance.

Life insurance is too expensive

To the uninformed, life insurance can seem costly, but this is one myth that can be debunked. The cost of a life insurance policy varies, as it depends on several factors such as your entry age and medical history. Life insurance costs less than what most people think. Depending on your situation, you can tailor your insurance and lessen your costs drastically. Keep in mind that insurance is cheaper when you’re young, as you get older, premium prices become higher.

If your employer provides coverage, it’s enough

While many companies do provide employees with life and health insurance, this benefit only lasts as long as you are still employed under that company. While you’ll be covered, this coverage is only temporary and the benefit that is put into your insurance policy isn’t much. Furthermore, the policyholder in this case is your employer which means they reserve the right to amend the terms of coverage with their chosen insurer. This leaves you with uncertain coverage.

It’s advisable to separately apply for your personal life insurance plan to ensure that your family will be able to receive additional funding long after you are no longer able to provide for them. Additionally, you’ll have peace of mind knowing that your loved ones have a reliable means of obtaining funds in the future.

Life insurance is only for those who have children

If you’re not married and don’t have any children, it’s still important to seriously consider getting life insurance. Keep in mind that you still have dependents—your parents or siblings, for example, could from life insurance, as it can still cover other costs such as funeral expenses, unpaid bills and debts. If you were to unexpectedly pass away without a life insurance plan, your loved ones will be left to pay for these costs. So, even if you’re single, do consider obtaining life insurance as early as possible.

My health condition can exclude me from getting life insurance

Even if you have health conditions you can still have life insurance, although you may need to purchase a policy with lower coverage limits. Essentially, life insurance isn’t restricted to people of a certain age, health or even salary. You can always adjust your policy based on all these factors. There are plenty of insurance options that can suit your needs and budget.

These are just some of the many myths about life insurance which can make it difficult for people to fully understand and appreciate it. This often leads to confusion for some people on whether they need insurance or not. While the idea of having life insurance seems intimidating, doing so will bring plenty of benefits for your loved ones.