Nobody likes to see his investment portfolio going into the RED. When you first decided to invest, it was with the aim of making sizeable profits, not losses. However, the storm brewing in the US and Europe isn’t something that you really expected, and you’re at a loss as to whether you should sell, hold or perhaps, invest more.
The decision is going to be tough, and staying calm in a sea of panic is going to be tougher.
Despite what may seem to be an uphill task, staying level-headed is not that impossible, as long as you take the time to understand what investments are all about, and the crisis that seems to be looming in the background. Taking the time to read this article will do just that.
Volatility – A Necessary Friend
Like it or not, volatility is the common trait of all investments. Whether you are investing in stocks, bonds or currencies, or into something exotic like wine or art, volatility is the one feature that is going to be present in all of them. Think about it: isn’t volatility – the thing that you hate the most right now – the sole contributor to your profits?
That much-quoted adage, “High risk, high returns” is just a more cliché expression of the fact that volatility equals profits.
Thus, before kicking yourself for making the investment decision in the first place, remember the equation: Investments = Volatility = Risk. It is a reality that you have to face when you decide to invest, and as long as you don’t liquidate your positions, volatility – at the present moment – still does not equate to losses.
The recent bloodbath in the markets is nothing more than just a crisis of confidence, a crisis sparked off by what I term to be the triple whammy of global economics, which include:
- The downgrade of the sovereign credit rating of the United States of America;
- The brewing debt crises in Europe; and
- The slowing down of the global economy.
Whammy #1: Uncle Sam Has Been Downgraded
On 5 August 2011, world-renowned credit rating agency Standard and Poor’s (S&P) took the unprecedented step of downgrading the US from its AAA rating to an AA+, something inconceivable since Uncle Sam attained this top rating in 1917.
For those who are unfamiliar, the AA+ grading is just one notch lower than the AAA rating, and a rating of AA+ still places the country within the investment grade category. Other rating agencies like Moody’s and Fitch have left Uncle Sam’s sovereign credit rating untouched, though they have warned that additional deficit-reduction measures are required if the rating is to remain so in the future. So what is this big fuss about the downgrade all about?
Many countries have deposited their foreign reserves with the US, making it the world’s largest bond market. One example of these countries would include China, which holds more than $1.0 trillion worth of US Treasury bonds. Being Uncle Sam’s largest foreign creditor, the land of the dragon has been very critical over how the US has been handling the debt issue, and the way they are raising their debt ceiling.
Yet, the fear surrounding the downgrade is unwarranted. Many governments around the world, including Singapore, have expressed confidence in the US Treasury.
Instead of being an alarm, the downgrade should serve as a wake-up call for the US government to recognise the need for them to focus on reducing their debt. This will have long term benefits for our global financial system, which does not need another shock since the global financial meltdown.
Whammy #2: Europe Is In Debt
Europe – with its old school charm in the likes of countries like Italy and Spain – is embroiled in a debt so deep that global markets are worried. Due to uncontrolled spending, countries like Greece are now saddled with a debt that is larger than its national economy.
While things might look bleak at the moment, I do believe that not all hope is lost. The combination of the European Financial Stability Fund (EFSF) – when its use has been confirmed by parliaments – and the purchase of Spanish and Italian bonds by the European Central Bank (ECB), in the meantime, should provide stability to the markets.
Europe will certainly need more time to sort out their problems but the European Union (EU) has demonstrated their commitment to resolve the hanging issues. The EU, being an economic and political union of 27 member states, will stay united as it is in their benefit to do so.
Whammy #3: The Global Economic Locomotive Is Shifting To Lower Gear
The third and final attack on confidence in the markets is the slow-down experienced by the global economy. Economic data released recently indicated that the slow growth scenario is indeed playing out in some developed economies. And with China’s inflation hitting record highs, the fear is that further monetary tightening will result in a hard landing.
The slow-down, together with fears of further monetary tightening in China, has raised fears that the world might be going into a recession. While such fears might seem logical, especially in the presence of cyclically weaker economic data, a full-blown recession remains very unlikely because of emerging markets.
Other than that, very positive signs are also showing themselves. Since the subprime crisis of 2008, US consumers have become more prudent as they have taken to cutting down on their spending and rebuilding their savings. Many US companies are reporting strong earnings and very healthy balance sheets. The US Federal Reserve has also assured the markets that they will be maintaining the current interest rate till year 2013. The Chinese government will be watching the effects of their recent monetary policies as time is needed to scrutinise its effects.
As such, the emergence of weaker economic data should be taken as an opportunity to invest in the market.
Opportunities Abound In A Crisis
In the face of the triple whammy mentioned above, speculators have decided to ride on the wave of fear by stirring further panic by short-selling to add pressure to the market. Automated sales calls made by computerised trading systems further added to the pressure. In an environment where there’s much rumour-mongering and consistent news of high borrowing costs, countries like France, Italy, Spain and Belgium have imposed bans on short-selling.
Opportunities arise in a crisis, and markets always tend to over-correct themselves.
In any extreme bull or bear market, there will be excessive buying and selling. The current environment is definitely one where the ‘bears’ take it to the extreme. When the tide changes, however, ‘short-sellers’ – in all likelihood – may be converted into ‘buyers’ to either stem losses or ride the rising trend.
The issues, i.e. the triple whammy mentioned above, are not going to be resolved overnight. Markets will remain volatile until clarity is in sight. Yet, where clarity has returned, the market would already have risen, and any opportunity to profit from it would be long gone.
As Warren Buffett would put it, “Be fearful when others are greedy and greedy when others are fearful”. Staying true to his own words, Buffett is buying into the current market.
Another good reason to invest now is the very low interest rate enviroment that the US Federal Reserve has committed to keeping low. With inflation rising, the need to ensure that our capital is working harder is all the more critical.
I’m not advocating that you should invest all your money now. You can’t ignore the volatility in the market either. Opportunties abound when others are fearful but you will need prudence, the right strategy and an informed adviser.
One investment strategy that I really like is ‘Dollar Cost Averaging’ (DCA) which is really effective in a volatile market. Applying the DCA methodically will enable you to invest in the market without the accompanying emotions of fear and greed. And when the crisis of confidence is eventually resolved, you will be glad to know that your money has been working real hard for you.